Organizational culture refers to the shared values and beliefs that members of a group share. These values and beliefs affect how individuals perform their jobs. They are usually reflected in the language used, rituals, and habits of thinking that are shared within an organization.
When organizations have a strong culture, employees feel that they are supported. They also know why certain decisions are made and are willing to help out their coworkers. Strong organizational cultures are usually tied to the company’s goals and mission. The culture can be a good indicator of employee satisfaction, retention, and performance.
Developing a strong culture can be a challenge. Whether the goal is to create a dynamic workplace or establish a strong brand identity, the organizational culture is an important part of an organization’s success. A great culture can enhance individual development and stimulate employee performance.
Several perspectives exist on the meaning and uses of organizational culture. One perspective focuses on consensus in subcultures. Another perspective focuses on the evolution of an organization. Both view the organization’s culture as a social control system.
Creating a good culture is often an iterative process. The most effective culture is one that is consistent. This makes it easier to observe and draw conclusions from data accumulated over time. It may be hard to change a culture that has evolved over decades, but with deliberate organizational development efforts, culture can be changed to fit a company’s needs.
In addition to fostering individual development, an organizational culture that emphasizes community can increase employees’ motivation. This is especially true when the company has a mission that aligns with their values. For example, if a company’s mission includes serving customers, it might be better to focus on customer service rather than monetary rewards.
Other perspectives include hierarchy and adhocracy. Hierarchy cultures are typically defined by rules and roles, while adhocracy cultures rely on innovation and adaptability. Adhocracy cultures tend to be on the cutting edge of the industry and are often characterized by creativity and improvisation.
The word culture was derived from the Latin word colere. Colere means to cultivate or tend. Culture is a set of assumptions, norms, and symbols that shape the way people behave. Some of these assumptions and norms are unconscious to the organization’s members, while others are explicit.
The concept of organizational culture is more complex than most people think. It can be both functional and dysfunctional. However, it is essential to understand how to assess, define, and develop your organization’s culture.
To effectively develop and manage a culture, it is imperative that leaders and employees communicate and collaborate. Leaders should be open and transparent to ensure that all members of the organization can benefit from the company’s vision. Employees should be able to articulate their own values and beliefs. Lastly, incentives are critical to developing a healthy culture. Many sources of incentive can influence the development of a culture, including monetary rewards, recognition, status, and nonmonetary rewards.